Language Contact; Creoles; Bilingualism; Language Change.
This chapter deals with tense, mood, and aspect (TMA) marking in the languages of Suriname, focusing on the stability of forms, meanings, and structural pat-terns. Despite its prominent position in the creolization debate and occasional mentions in the literature on linguistic areas, studies on TMA in (non creoliza-tion) contact settings in Suriname are relatively few. TMA has been studied in detail in the world’s languages, however, in terms of: – typology (Dahl 1985, 2000; Boland 2006; Dahl and Velupillai 2011a, 2011b, 2011c, 2011d; Dryer 2011; Velupillai 2012); – creolization (Singler 1990; Bakker et al. 1994; Winford 2001; Velupillai 2015: 391–403); and – historical development & grammaticalization (Bybee et al. 1994)
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