Evidence in Civil Law – Austria

Evidence in Civil Law – Austria

作者:Nunner-Krautgasser, Bettina
ISBN:9789616842440
语言:English
出版社:Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
格式:Pdf
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Keywords

burden of proof; witness evidence; principles of taking evidence; evidence by inspection; expert opinions; general principles of civil procedure; examination of parties; unlawful evidence; documentary evidence; taking evidence in civil procedure; Counterparty; Legal remedy; Letters rogatory; Trial court; Videotelephony

Abstract

This report outlines the rules on the taking and using of evidence in Austrian civil procedure law. On the basis of principles such as the free disposition of parties, the attenuated inquisitorial principle or the principles of orality and directness, the judge and the parties form a “working group” when investigating the matter in dispute. The Austrian concept of an active judge, however, goes along with the judge’s duty to do case-management and especially to induce a truthful fact-finding using judicial discretion. While only five means of proof (documents, witnesses, expert opinions, evidence by inspection and the examination of parties) are explicitly listed the Austrian civil procedure code, there is no numerus clausus regarding the means of evidence. Evidence may be freely assessed by the judge.

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作者:Nunner-Krautgasser, Bettina
ISBN:9789616842440
语言:English
出版社:Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
格式:Pdf

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